Bob Brinker's Marketimer

  Tuesday November 21, 2017

Next Marketimer © Mailing Date: November 6th


© 1997-2017
Privacy Policy

Hosted by:
@ ADPAD INC.




THE EFFECT OF INFLATION ON FIXED-INCOME INVESTMENTS
Learn even more about this topic with the Encyclopedia of Personal Finance™

Fixed-income investments, such as bonds and Treasury bills, generate income for their investors by paying out a set rate of interest.

Generally, when you think about interest rates, the nominal interest rate is what you are thinking about. The 9 percent interest rate on a mortgage, the 4 percent rate on a Treasury bill, or the 10 percent rate on a corporate bond are all examples of nominal interest rates.

A real interest rate, by contrast, is the rate of return adjusted for inflation. It measures the rate of growth of your purchasing power.

If you invest in a bond that pays out 6 percent annually, and inflation averages 6 percent over the course of your investment, your real return is 0 percent. You have gained nothing by investing your money in this bond. The good news is that you have not lost anything either. If you had invested in a bond that provides a 3 percent nominal rate of return, you would have lost 2.83 percent in terms of purchasing power.

Let's look at the formula for calculating real interest rates:

The fact that future inflation rates are uncertain makes your future real interest rate returns uncertain as well. Even though an investment may guarantee you a certain nominal rate, there is no guarantee that you will achieve your desired real rate of return. The best that you can do is to attempt to predict future inflation rates or look at others' expectations of future inflation and base your investment decisions accordingly.

If inflation is high, you will need a proportionately higher nominal rate of return to ensure that you receive your expected real rate of return on your fixed-income investments.

For example, to get a real rate of return of 4 percent in a 3 percent inflationary environment, you would need a nominal rate of return of 7.12 percent.

Inflation can be a serious problem for fixed-income investors. But what is its effect on stocks?




LEARN EVEN MORE WITH THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF PERSONAL FINANCE. CLICK HERE!

Powered by


Copyright ©1999-2017, Precision Information, LLC. All Rights Reserved